When it comes to light and architectural design, Louis Kahn has to be mentioned, and the Kimbell Art Museum is an excellent example of light in Kahn’s architectural works. When the structure is in relation to the light, the light appears to be powerful. In the design of museums, the exhibition hall is controlled by natural light as the main idea of this design. At the Kimbell Art Museum, Kahn designed a sort of tubular vaulted roof and let in light through a skylight. In fact, this arched structure is actually more inclined to curved beams, the longitudinal span between the columns. The curve determined by structure is a rotation curve. Light through a vault in the middle of the slit into the rotation curve, lit up the silver concrete roof, most of the light through the reflex of the baffle plate to vault side, at the same time there is a small part of the light through the reflection board, not make the reflection plate on the back of the dark, so the whole vault into one smooth light source, also brings to the interior space is suitable for natural light. The silver texture of the interior light in the concrete arch under the action of natural light. This sense of light will be spread evenly throughout the room rather than directly onto the exhibits while allowing people to comfortably experience natural light changes over time. So, the structure, the materials, the light, the design, all fit together in this museum. It feels this series of designs is how natural lighting related to architecture.

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What is some classical structure? Why need to use lightweight construction rather than heaven (concrete)?

How to shows the aesthetic of design in the environment? Does the aesthetic of design need to be functional or not?

What is “primitive” means? How is architecture let people feel in physical and mental emotion?

What is inspiration from Attica? Does the material important in the structure?

Week 8

Architecture is the exterior after the completion of space, but space should not be rudely isolated in its interior by architecture, which should be intimate with nature and human beings. Perhaps today’s people have come to realize the spiritual isolation that has existed for a long time. The large Windows, semi-open and even completely open “private space” are open to absorb everything of nature by mountains, water, wind, light, ground, and air. I believe that nature’s building, it’s in the piece of vibrant slopes between no unpleasant chemical material. However, in the modern period, it’s hard to create a relationship between people and the environment. Nature is tranquil, and the sound it makes is silent to the ear of the hearer, whether it be the river, the tree, the field, or the building itself. No one can feel the beauty of silence without listening. “Nature” has been showing its power in the process of building completion. From the greatest architect of the last century, Frank Wright. He designs Fallingwater which symbols one of architecture that was close to nature. In addition, the most important is no matter what the environment was designed. People can have a great experience together with their families. Therefore, the interior space is the real utility of the architecture. The external form of a building should be based on its interior function to determine its shape. It also relates to human factors. Indoor is where people live, study and work. If people are not comfortable in its space, its functions are awkward and unnatural, then no matter how beautiful the building looks, it is just a “dead building”, losing the vitality of nature. This is the reason why “functionalism” has gradually become the mainstream of architecture.

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Art& Arch- what are the beauty of the project in the juxtaposition? What color was to be used in this project?

Case study- Why is called the “case study house program”? What is an architect being the position in this program?

Esther- What is the purpose of the program? What is the new direction in the landscaped design field

Week 7

International style means that modern materials such as steel, glass, and concrete are used in buildings in the 20th century. This is no different from modernism. However, modernist designers are designed for the general public, focusing on function, and the form is not that important. The form in the international style is the most important part of the design because they don’t care how much they can build a building, they value the wealth that the building itself can bring in the future. In architectural style, geometric or monotonous, such as Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye is an international style building. I like international style architecture because the use of geometry or monotonous form to organize into a building makes it easy to know the building itself. Secondly, the architectural design should be comfortable, how to use the natural combination of windows to let the sunshine in to the room and how the environment changes. However, in the villa of Le Corbusier, the simple plaque pattern and the flat whitewashed façade are so simple that there is almost no excess decoration. The only part that can be called decoration is the horizontal length window that giving more sunshine to interior space. The shortcoming of this building is to see through the indoor space, so other environmental factors such as rain and snow will affect people’s living. If  the building, it builds quickly, what does this is meaning of the building? In the future, the building will be rebuilt to a new building. But the international style of architecture is different. It will think about how the building itself enhances its self-worth and brings wealth to the economy. However, there are still many restrictions on the international style and functions the architectural well.

AD Classics: Villa Savoye AD Classics: Villa Savoye

What is the International Style movement? (Inter.)

Does International style make clear on the qualities of aesthetic? (Inter.)

What are the three “new ideas” in the lighting? (Seagram)

What is “interiors greater unity” means? (Seagram)



Week 6




This architecture is a private manor house of a sculptor, Xavier Corberó. This is a huge maze-like manor house with nine buildings hidden behind an inconspicuous medieval wall. The interior of the building is like a man-made cave with whitewashed walls to form the living room, bedroom, studio, and gallery. Corberó explained behind his artistic creation as poetry, which is also reflected in his unique style of manor design. It uses bare concrete and wood, admiring their natural and slightly flawed texture, which is considered to be the perfect “texture”. Each interior space has been designed to maximize the beauty and light of the courtyard. When designing these buildings, The light illuminates the wall for reflection and diffusion and create the space.

Loos: Should the architect design everything that people want? How can you determine the house is comfortable to be design or not?

LeCorbusier: Do you think the furniture that design by today is according to people’s needs or aesthetic of the design. How can improve or upgrade the furniture on this day?

Mary McLeod: Modernism is anyway linked to issues of gender? what is the architect’s role was
“to order and proportion” and “architecture does not add” mean?



Week 4

The architect I.M. Pei inspire his work “Louvre Pyramid” from ancient Egypt architectural structure to form or gives upgrade of the pyramid. The Louver Pyramid made by large glass and metal. Besides, this pyramid surrounded by three smaller pyramids, in the main courtyard. It is similar to the pyramid in Egypt. The meaning of pyramid is stable and eternal, as the world’s first form of monumental architecture. It is very classical. The application of the material should be considered as the icing on the cake, and the transparent glass curtain wall reduces the visual obstruction to the tourists and dispels the form. While increasing the identifiability of the entrance, it is not overwhelming.

Aesthetic of Interior Week5

(The World of Renzo Mongiardino,Romolo Paganelli/Renzo Mongiardino archive/Photo: Massimo Listri)

The texture on the wall is felt lush romanticism and arcane classical reference to the artificial effects.  Space shows the luxury and fashionable due to the furniture without being enslaved by them or their original setting which weeping with emotion into this space. In addition, the style of this space which to recognize that we can love objects without being enslaved by them or their original setting. In the moment of these interiors, it starting to feel “the corrosive breath of melancholy” (Umberto Pasti) which illustration the background or historical from this space of the glamorous room. The proportional room consisting of a whole piece of fabric, a shocking light floral wall with multiple paintings and plump velvet seats. It requires political and Literary exchanges that have filled the atmosphere for decades. As well as giving this space a different feeling of personal illusion, seriousness, or drama.



  1. why glass as the material can be transportable building? any other material that can be transported?
  2. How does the new idea inspire the architect? (by the environment, political or ect.)


Week 3 History of Architecture

Architecture maintains both aesthetic and values. In other art forms, the pursuit of beauty can be the sole purpose and the architecture must be associated with practicality. On the one hand, the building has the function of material use, residence, work or public communication. On the other hand, it has to satisfy people’s desire for beauty and give people a good image. Therefore, architecture is not purely material, and it must be infected with a beautiful image. Nor is it a purely spiritual product. It has direct utilitarian and practical purposes.

(The tower of Babel, Pieter Brueghel, 1563, oil on canvas)

The profound masterpiece “Babel” is recorded according to the “Bible”: After the flood in Noah, people moved east to Senna and found a piece between the Tigris and the Euphrates. The Great Plains, where it was engaged in production, prospered and descended, and later became a city with a large population. Because they were afraid of the floods and worried about the floods, they decided to build a tower of high-rise towers to protect them from water disasters. The plan for this tower is very large. To accommodate the people of the city, the height must reach the zenith. God, the Lord, learned of this matter and decided to visit the world to see what happened. When he saw the tower, he was shocked and angry. He thought that the human being who had just prospered had such a high skill. He decided to use the language to disturb the demonstrators. In this way, the demonstrators who are building the towers do not understand each other’s words, and the project can no longer proceed. Everyone has to live in separate languages. People have left tools and materials, acknowledging that this is a punishment for “sinning God” to express the height of the Tower of Babel, Bruegel deals with this imaginative scene with a grand composition. He depicted a large number of characters and cut a top with a cloud at the top of the tower. The painting has a faintly visible tower on the cloud to show the height of the tower. In the distance is a dense house, which shows a vast and smooth, plain scenery. The director led a group of guards to come to supervise the truth of the suspension: the noisy craftsmen have dispersed, and one of them has told the director to explain the complexity of the accident, but it seems his words also made it impossible for the director and guards to understand. In front of the tower, there is a “collapse”, and the situation is obviously out of control. The artist paints dense and small construction workers and vehicles on each floor of the tower and to pursue this huge and confusing painting effect, Bruegel deliberately opened up the distance between the figure and the tower body, nature, etc., thus showing the great strength and arduousness of “engineering” and also showing human beings of creative power.

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The traditional residents of Fuzhou and the wall of the architecture are made of main materials such as clay and broken brick tiles. It is decorated with white powder ash and is made of granite stone with strong rain-resistant erosion. The ceiling is covered with double slope top weatherproof tile cover.

Does artificial can determine the effect of the environment?

Week 2: Does artificial can determine the effect of the environment?

Willam Morris’s view that describes as ” Socialism seen through the eyes of an artist.”

An architect is a person who designs to improve people’s way of life by assessing both social needs and human desires, as well as political, economic and environmental issues.

Alejandro Aravena

  • Innovation Center UC
  • Process of transferring know-how, identifying the social opportunities in this building and improve the country’s competitiveness and development.
  • Contemporary look- outlay
  • Determine the environment

Innovation Center UC - Anacleto Angelini,© Nico Saieh

Innovation Center UC - Anacleto Angelini,© Nico Saieh

Innovation Center UC - Anacleto Angelini,© Nico Saieh

Innovation Center UC - Anacleto Angelini,© Nico Saieh

Innovation Center UC - Anacleto Angelini,© Nico Saieh


Architecture as a field of study

Architecture to me is the closest “art” to us. However, the fact that I live in it every day makes me lack amazement and shock for architecture. The aesthetic function of a building is almost inundated by the functions of use. In fact, beautiful buildings tell history. I chose the architectural elective in order to learn to create trendy art and to also better understand and enjoy the history and architectural beauty around me. For example, “Springstream house” design by Wei. In this project, she uses traditional materials (from original) and construction techniques to create a derelict house in Fujian province into a guesthouse featuring curving tiled roofs and reclaimed timber and windows. The house is located on the cliff of a spring stream surrounded with tea fields and bamboo forests. When visitors into this space will feel naturally and having a closer touch with nature. If a building can’t be awe-inspiring if the relationship with the environment was not considered while planning, and it was casually placed. How can people understand and get enove to the space that you create? Therefore, this is a reason that I want to study for the architectural field. In the future, when I design a building, I will reference the idea from Wei into my work. I use the knowledge passed down by the ancients and my personal imagination to create more innovative architecture. I create an object to be spaced in a somewhat spiritual manner to create a pleasant environment and comfort in the workspace. I like to explain my design and get involve people in their space, making them appreciate my style, and want to see more of it.

Springstream House | WEI