Editing, Jump cuts, matching shots, and time distortions

Jump cuts and match cuts can be used to move us through time, change our understanding of continuity between two disparate scenes, and create rhythm within an edit.

What is a Jump Cut?
A jump cut is an edit that moves between two similar views (or identical views) of the same subject – for example, someone shaving. Giving the effect of a jump in time.

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What is a Matching Cut?
A matching cut is an edit between either two different objects, two different spaces, or two different compositions in which objects in the two shots graphically match. This can often create a sense of continuity of action and often a connection or contrast in the meaning of the two shots.

These kinds of cuts should generally be used sparingly or the impact can get lost. Imagine a movie that jump cuts endlessly, it would become NORMAL rather than carry any meaning or emphasis.

Here are some examples:

(1) The Royal Tenenbaums by Wes Anderson – Jump Cuts

 

(2) Breathless by Jean Luc Goddard – Jump Cuts

 

(3) Erin Brokovitch by Steven Soderberg – Jump Cuts

 

(4) Frost Nixon by Ron Howard (Match Cut)

 

(5) 2001 Space Odyssey by Stanley Kubrick (match Cut)

 

(6) A variety of Match Cuts from different films

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