Week 13

Luis Barragán first knew that his first work was San Cristobal. I think the most amazing thing is that architecture when you are not close to it; is a thing, and when you enter it, it becomes your environment and an atmosphere. There are many fountains in Barragán’s stables which always have the meaning of Eden and Utopia in art. The pink wall is mixed with the reflection of water and the reflection of trees, like a dream or in heaven. The spring water injects vitality into the still picture. The entire building and courtyard seem to become an organic life. Some people say that Luis Barragán design mostly as a poetic building. The first thing I saw was that it must be a gentle residence. The magic of Barragán is that he likes to use highly saturated colors, pink, red, yellow, and blue in his works, and especially like highly saturated powder. But it is to neutralize high-concentration colors with light and shadow, flowing spring water, and inward space. When I looked at the artwork later, I discovered that there is a little quest game to play. When you are attracted by a work you have never heard of before, you can follow the path of the creator and look for it. There must be an ingredient you once knew or liked. In my mind, the period that affects a person the most is childhood and youth. Barragán was inspired by childhood Mexico and youth Morocco. In Mexico and Morocco, the exterior of the building is full of colorful.

Giu Bonsiepe-

What are the relationship and designs mean to Bonsiepe?

What is “democracy” means in this passage?


How is the industrial revolution affect the design process?

What is quality to production on a massive scale?We

Week 11

If you only say that there are a lot of buildings that are rich in color and actually meet the conditions, if you still meet the unconventional set, the first thing I think of is a small church design by Le Corbusier. Compared to the common technique of brushing colors, I think that the skills used by Le Corbusier in this church are much higher, the weaving and dancing of light and color, and the change of time and space. The photographs of three different angles are not the same as the conventional buildings. They are more like sculptures from different angles, you can see the small barrels protruding from the building and the small holes in the wall. In addition, the shape of this building has a geometry shape that turning a different direction. When you look closer, you can see the colored door, which is used in the building in the color of the abstract painting. The bright exterior is too much space for the dark interior; only the darkness makes the light more artistic. In the main church space, you can see why there are some colored tubes in the appearance. There is no color in the church. It is all plain concrete. All these colored tubes filter the sunlight in, then sprinkle the colors. Rich light because the direction of the filter is different from the angle. The line and color of the light will change with time and the angle of the sun. Walls of different angles have different colors. Maybe you will catch the yellow color light when you go, maybe red or blue. The angle of the strongest light is changing which determines color becomes the main theme in the space. The contrast between the plain concrete exterior and the internal color deepens this unexpected surprise.


How to determine the social space and private space? (Ambasz)

What is the quality of urban existence? (Ambasz)

What is the language of postmodern architecture? (Jencks)

What is postmodern architecture? (Jencks)

Where is “Pop” come from? ( pop)

How is the design influence of this period? (pop)

Why reconstruction is faithful? (Smithson)

What is the text “As Found” and the “Found” means”? (Smithson)

What is Orthodox modern architect do? (Venturi)

Where are they get inspiration from? (Venturi)

What is ” “Architecture without Architects” means? (Los vegas)

How architecture can be a symbol in society? by economic? (Los vegas)


Japanese architectural aesthetics is a set of aesthetic systems developed by dozens of generations in the past 600 years. The foundation of this system is Wabi-sabi, which is the foundation of Japanese traditional culture, aesthetics, worldview, and philosophy of thought. The keywords of this thought can be summarized as minimalism, simplicity, quietness, elegance, indifference, immersion, trust. The specific explanation is the beauty of the incomplete, the incompleteness includes imperfect, unsatisfactory, and non-permanent. Nowadays, it can also be referred to as simplicity, silence, humility, nature, etc. Wabi-sabi is a form of existence in a broad sense and a special aesthetic concept in the narrow sense. It refers to social pressure, workplace pressure, etc., but also the pressure brought by urban public space and the built environment. These pressures are urgently required to make us need a way of life that relaxes the mind. Naturally, we have a psychological and aesthetic functional requirement for the space in which we live, the place where we rest most – comfortable. Adolf Loos, a pioneer of modernist architecture, put forward the slogan of the famous “decoration is sin”, and modernist architecture has swept the world with the footsteps of believers. Tossing the decoration, reflecting the logic and beauty of the building itself. It also in line with some of the characteristics of Japanese aesthetics. Therefore, such culture and thinking can be passed down in modern architectural design. We like Japanese modern architectural design, partly because of the influence of modernism on our aesthetic orientation.

Steiner house


Why build domes as structure? How is this project’s aesthetic relate to the community?   (Bill)

How is “drop city” can be communication?  Can “drop city” influence nowadays design ideas? (Sadler)

How imagined and the real environments in the space came to ecological design? What are some challenges that they will face? (ecological)


When it comes to light and architectural design, Louis Kahn has to be mentioned, and the Kimbell Art Museum is an excellent example of light in Kahn’s architectural works. When the structure is in relation to the light, the light appears to be powerful. In the design of museums, the exhibition hall is controlled by natural light as the main idea of this design. At the Kimbell Art Museum, Kahn designed a sort of tubular vaulted roof and let in light through a skylight. In fact, this arched structure is actually more inclined to curved beams, the longitudinal span between the columns. The curve determined by structure is a rotation curve. Light through a vault in the middle of the slit into the rotation curve, lit up the silver concrete roof, most of the light through the reflex of the baffle plate to vault side, at the same time there is a small part of the light through the reflection board, not make the reflection plate on the back of the dark, so the whole vault into one smooth light source, also brings to the interior space is suitable for natural light. The silver texture of the interior light in the concrete arch under the action of natural light. This sense of light will be spread evenly throughout the room rather than directly onto the exhibits while allowing people to comfortably experience natural light changes over time. So, the structure, the materials, the light, the design, all fit together in this museum. It feels this series of designs is how natural lighting related to architecture.

Image result for kimbell art museum

Related image

What is some classical structure? Why need to use lightweight construction rather than heaven (concrete)?

How to shows the aesthetic of design in the environment? Does the aesthetic of design need to be functional or not?

What is “primitive” means? How is architecture let people feel in physical and mental emotion?

What is inspiration from Attica? Does the material important in the structure?

Week 8

Architecture is the exterior after the completion of space, but space should not be rudely isolated in its interior by architecture, which should be intimate with nature and human beings. Perhaps today’s people have come to realize the spiritual isolation that has existed for a long time. The large Windows, semi-open and even completely open “private space” are open to absorb everything of nature by mountains, water, wind, light, ground, and air. I believe that nature’s building, it’s in the piece of vibrant slopes between no unpleasant chemical material. However, in the modern period, it’s hard to create a relationship between people and the environment. Nature is tranquil, and the sound it makes is silent to the ear of the hearer, whether it be the river, the tree, the field, or the building itself. No one can feel the beauty of silence without listening. “Nature” has been showing its power in the process of building completion. From the greatest architect of the last century, Frank Wright. He designs Fallingwater which symbols one of architecture that was close to nature. In addition, the most important is no matter what the environment was designed. People can have a great experience together with their families. Therefore, the interior space is the real utility of the architecture. The external form of a building should be based on its interior function to determine its shape. It also relates to human factors. Indoor is where people live, study and work. If people are not comfortable in its space, its functions are awkward and unnatural, then no matter how beautiful the building looks, it is just a “dead building”, losing the vitality of nature. This is the reason why “functionalism” has gradually become the mainstream of architecture.

Image result for fallingwater


Art& Arch- what are the beauty of the project in the juxtaposition? What color was to be used in this project?

Case study- Why is called the “case study house program”? What is an architect being the position in this program?

Esther- What is the purpose of the program? What is the new direction in the landscaped design field

Week 7

International style means that modern materials such as steel, glass, and concrete are used in buildings in the 20th century. This is no different from modernism. However, modernist designers are designed for the general public, focusing on function, and the form is not that important. The form in the international style is the most important part of the design because they don’t care how much they can build a building, they value the wealth that the building itself can bring in the future. In architectural style, geometric or monotonous, such as Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye is an international style building. I like international style architecture because the use of geometry or monotonous form to organize into a building makes it easy to know the building itself. Secondly, the architectural design should be comfortable, how to use the natural combination of windows to let the sunshine in to the room and how the environment changes. However, in the villa of Le Corbusier, the simple plaque pattern and the flat whitewashed façade are so simple that there is almost no excess decoration. The only part that can be called decoration is the horizontal length window that giving more sunshine to interior space. The shortcoming of this building is to see through the indoor space, so other environmental factors such as rain and snow will affect people’s living. If  the building, it builds quickly, what does this is meaning of the building? In the future, the building will be rebuilt to a new building. But the international style of architecture is different. It will think about how the building itself enhances its self-worth and brings wealth to the economy. However, there are still many restrictions on the international style and functions the architectural well.

AD Classics: Villa Savoye AD Classics: Villa Savoye

What is the International Style movement? (Inter.)

Does International style make clear on the qualities of aesthetic? (Inter.)

What are the three “new ideas” in the lighting? (Seagram)

What is “interiors greater unity” means? (Seagram)



Week 6




This architecture is a private manor house of a sculptor, Xavier Corberó. This is a huge maze-like manor house with nine buildings hidden behind an inconspicuous medieval wall. The interior of the building is like a man-made cave with whitewashed walls to form the living room, bedroom, studio, and gallery. Corberó explained behind his artistic creation as poetry, which is also reflected in his unique style of manor design. It uses bare concrete and wood, admiring their natural and slightly flawed texture, which is considered to be the perfect “texture”. Each interior space has been designed to maximize the beauty and light of the courtyard. When designing these buildings, The light illuminates the wall for reflection and diffusion and create the space.

Loos: Should the architect design everything that people want? How can you determine the house is comfortable to be design or not?

LeCorbusier: Do you think the furniture that design by today is according to people’s needs or aesthetic of the design. How can improve or upgrade the furniture on this day?

Mary McLeod: Modernism is anyway linked to issues of gender? what is the architect’s role was
“to order and proportion” and “architecture does not add” mean?



Week 4

The architect I.M. Pei inspire his work “Louvre Pyramid” from ancient Egypt architectural structure to form or gives upgrade of the pyramid. The Louver Pyramid made by large glass and metal. Besides, this pyramid surrounded by three smaller pyramids, in the main courtyard. It is similar to the pyramid in Egypt. The meaning of pyramid is stable and eternal, as the world’s first form of monumental architecture. It is very classical. The application of the material should be considered as the icing on the cake, and the transparent glass curtain wall reduces the visual obstruction to the tourists and dispels the form. While increasing the identifiability of the entrance, it is not overwhelming.

Aesthetic of Interior Week5

(The World of Renzo Mongiardino,Romolo Paganelli/Renzo Mongiardino archive/Photo: Massimo Listri)

The texture on the wall is felt lush romanticism and arcane classical reference to the artificial effects.  Space shows the luxury and fashionable due to the furniture without being enslaved by them or their original setting which weeping with emotion into this space. In addition, the style of this space which to recognize that we can love objects without being enslaved by them or their original setting. In the moment of these interiors, it starting to feel “the corrosive breath of melancholy” (Umberto Pasti) which illustration the background or historical from this space of the glamorous room. The proportional room consisting of a whole piece of fabric, a shocking light floral wall with multiple paintings and plump velvet seats. It requires political and Literary exchanges that have filled the atmosphere for decades. As well as giving this space a different feeling of personal illusion, seriousness, or drama.



  1. why glass as the material can be transportable building? any other material that can be transported?
  2. How does the new idea inspire the architect? (by the environment, political or ect.)