Int. Studio& Seminar Three Systems

Education system— exam system


I took the SSAT for applying to high schools, and the SAT for applying to colleges. Thus the exam system is closely related to myself; I want to learn more about the system and understand more about the reason and motivation behind this system. Also, the exam system is really controversial right now because some people think that the exams fail to do justice to all capable students. I want to learn how the exams are helping the students and how the exams are putting some of them at disadvantage.


—According to A Campaign of Quiet Persuasion: How the College Board Desegregated SAT Test Centers in the Deep South, 1960-1965. “The ultimate goal” is to “Improve the preparedness of high school students for college”

— SAT: four sections: reading, math, writing(optional), and grammar.

— SSAT: Verbal, quantitative, reading, writing sample.

Rethinking the SAT: the future of standardized testing in university admissions discusses the virtue and flaws of SAT.

The civil exam started the earliest in Han dynasty China.

— The exam system only tests the ability of what a student can acquire at school. So it puts the students whose skills are mainly non-academic skills.

— The scores are being compared instead of the schools and the environment that the students are evolved. (“The Pros and Cons (But Mostly Cons) of the SAT: the Standardized Testing Debate”).


Tourism system


Tourism is always an important issue for a lot of countries, it can bring many positive effects such like boosting a region’s economy and saving a place’s environment because of the need of maintaining the view to attract tourists. However, it can also bring negative consequence such as damaging a place’s original environment by pollution from the increasing amount of tourist. I am interested in this system because I want to explore a way to balance the pros and cons and to enhance the development of tourism.


— Trends that lead tourism:

  1. Millennials: “youngest generation with disposable income”.
  2. Female solo travel
  3. Adventure trips
  4. food tourism
  5. Responsible tourism— promoting more economic, social and environmental way of traveling. More sustainable.
  6. Mobile photography
  7. Business and Leisure Travel

(According to Trekk Soft Website)

— “The frequency of tourist types”: shape of pyramid

— bold triangle: increasing numbers

— top to bottom

(Tourism Anthropology)


Election system


The election system is both familiar and strange to me. It is familiar to me because I watch it on the news and know the general idea of it; however, I do not understand the complex detail behind the system. I want to learn about how the system is doing its justice and how the system is corrupted in some way.


The cycle of the presidential election:

—Spring of the year before an election – Candidates announce their intentions to run.

—Summer of the year before an election through spring of the election year – Primary and caucus debates take place.

—January to June of the election year – States and parties hold primaries and caucuses.

—July to early September – Parties hold nominating conventions to choose their candidates.

—September and October – Candidates participate in Presidential debates.

— Early November – Election Day

— December – Electors cast their votes in the Electoral College.

—Early January of the next calendar year – Congress counts the electoral votes.

—January 20 – Inauguration Day


— has to be a natural-born citizen of the United States

— Be at least 35 years old

— Have been a resident of the United States for 15 years


—corruption types: fraud, bargain and so on.

(Council on Foreign Relations)



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