Typeface: 1900s – 1920s

The history of typography, there were many typefaces that people used in book titles, designs, newspapers, magazines, graphic design and many more. Most people believed that a German man named Johannes Gutenberg was the creator of typography. But before Gutenberg came along, books needed to be scribed by hands in order to create a type. Scribing by hand was very time-consuming and expensive, therefore Gutenberg decided to create a type named black-letter, the very first typeface. It began off with Gill Sans which is one of the most well-known typefaces meaning that there are many variations in line weight. The first ever Roman typeface was created in the 15th century by Nicholas Jenson. The typeface soon became a success in Europe. After that, the Roman font was introduced then Italics created by Aldus Manutius from Italy.

Significant typeface designs:

  • Eckmann (1900)
  • Copperplate Gothic (1901)
  • Imprint (1913)
  • Underground (1914)
  • Goudy Old Style (1915)


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Akzidenz-Grotesk is a grotesque typeface that was originally released in 1898 by the Berthold Type Foundry. This was based on other faces that were already offered by other foundries (some were later taken over by Berthold) and was the first sans serif typeface to be used and later influenced neo-grotesque typefaces after 1950. It was said that one of the contemporaries of Akzidenz Grotesk was Royal Grotesk from Theinhardt.


Carlton was inherited from the Caslon foundry was originally designed by F.H Ehmcke and published as Ehmcke-Antiqua by Flinsch in 1909.



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