Writing academic essays is a big part of university and high school education. They are most successful at demonstrating pupils’ subject knowledge and ability to gather and deliver information or a message. In-order to gather data about writing a guide, a number of discussions, focus groups and brainstorming sessions were done among a finite number of essay writing services in USA. This guide will present how to create an outstanding academic essay and discuss other tips as well.
How to Write an Academic Essay?
Essay writing can be a time-consuming and stressful process for some students. However, preparing and creating an excellent essay becomes much easier with the proper guidance, knowledge, and planning.
Steps in writing an academic essay
Composing an essay can be divided into two stages: the planning and writing stages. Here are the 4 main steps involved in these stages:
In the above steps, research and planning are conducted before writing as part of the essay planning process.
Step 1: Research
Essay writing starts with the research step. It mainly involves topic search and selection, finding reliable sources, and formulating a thesis statement.
- Topic selection: You can include this step only if you are free to choose your topic. Sometimes, teachers will assign essay topics; however, if you are not assigned any topic, brainstorm and research to finalize your topic.
- It’s always essential to choose an interesting topic that has credible information.
- Make sure the topic you choose focuses on one essential point rather than multiple points.
For example, the topic – The impact of smartphones is one broad topic covering various issues. However, when it is changed to – Impact of smartphones on students’ habits and education is a narrower version of the previous one. Here our primary focus is on the effect of smartphones on students.
- Formulating the thesis statement: When you select a topic, you’ll have to simultaneously decide on your main argument as it will help you build a thesis statement.
Tip: the statement must be formulated in such a way that it provides an overview of your essay topic.
Ensure your thesis statement is concise and summarises all of your ideas and arguments in one to two sentences.
For example, the thesis statement for the topic – Impact of smartphones on students’ habits and education – will be – Despite the fact that smartphones have transformed the way people socialize online, they have both positive and negative effects on students.
- Find reputable sources: Once you’ve decided on your thesis statement, begin your research. Collect data and facts from reliable sources to support the points you make in your essay. Unless your instructor specifies otherwise, it is preferable to include 2-3 trustworthy references.
Books, papers, academic journals, and online material can all be used as sources (websites)
Step 2: Planning
After writing your thesis statement, the next major step is to plan your essay. In fact, all the phases in the reading step help in making a good plan for essay writing.
After conducting sufficient research, start logically arranging your findings. Next, create an outline that serves as a road map for your writing process and assists you in organizing and structuring your thoughts.
While writing an outline, develop at least three arguments to support your essay. Please keep in mind that these arguments will form the body of the paper.
The possible arguments for the topic are as follows:
- Smartphones can help in education and learning.
- Smartphones can have a harmful impact on student’s mental health.
- Smartphones enable quick communication and aid in the dissemination of information.
- Smartphones can distract students and make them addicted to the device.
Step 3: Writing
Once you complete your planning, focus on the writing part. Generally, writing any essay becomes easier by following a format or structure. Usually, all authors adhere to a standard academic essay pattern that includes three main sections. These sections remain the same regardless of essay length, and they are:
The introduction is the essay’s first and most important portion. It is crucial in defining the whole essay and provides a preview of the subject. The thesis statement, which is an essential component, is included in the introduction paragraph along with arguments. Always remember to include a hook in the introduction to pique readers’ interest.
Note: Include the thesis statement at the end of the introduction in a way that leads to the essay’s body. In the first paragraph, do not provide any evidence or results.
The body of the essay is where you give your arguments/evidence to support your thesis. The word count and the content will determine the number of paragraphs in this part.
Generally, the most popular academic writing essay format consists of three body paragraphs. However, there is no specific limit to the number of paragraphs. Nonetheless, each section must be meaningful and contain the following elements:
- Topic sentence: The primary idea of the paragraph is expressed in the topic sentence. It is based on whatever you want to convey or prove throughout the paragraph.
- Supporting sentences: As the name implies, these sentences provide assistance and sources to back up the topic sentence.
- Concluding sentence: The concluding or transition sentence is the paragraph’s final sentence. Put transition words or phrases here to guarantee a smooth transition between paragraphs. If there is no subsequent paragraph, conclude the paragraph properly.
Some useful tips:
- Put your most compelling argument in the first and last paragraphs.
- Every paragraph must include a distinct claim/argument that supports the thesis; hence, you should never repeat your arguments.
- Create a smooth transition between paragraphs and suitable links by structuring your paragraphs. While transitioning between paragraphs, make sure the reader is not confused.
The conclusion is the final piece of the essay, where you wrap everything up to provide an appropriate and meaningful closing. All of your findings and justifications should be summarised here.
Begin your paragraph by restating the thesis in new words. However, in the final portion, do not propose any fresh ideas. Finally, summarise your findings in one phrase.
Tip: Your concluding line should persuade the reader that you have adequately proven your thesis.
Step 4: Revision
After finishing your essay, pause to clear your head before returning to revise the piece.
Revision is an important phase that delivers key insights you may have overlooked while writing. Furthermore, revision aids in the creation of effective adjustments and modifications. This process involves making changes to the paper that improve it. Things like adding new information, reorganizing words, and removing unnecessary sentences are mostly done.
Ensure the spelling and grammar are correct. Use a friend to assist you in modifying and reviewing your work.
Tip: Read your essay aloud to ensure it is clear and flows well.
Do not use words such as ‘To sum it up’ or ‘In conclusion’ in this paragraph.
Writing an academic essay can be frightening because a lot goes into creating a decent article. It will be easy to compose the essay with the help of our writing hints and essay writing guide.