March 1, 2018
Koppel, Niko. Restoring New York Streets to Their Bumpier Pasts. New York Times: July 18, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/19/nyregion/19cobblestone.html
This article shows what is being done to restore the cobblestone roads. There’s a brief history of Belgian stones, how they came over to New York and how they were used in the streets. The data of the restoration process is also shown, portraying the time and price it is taking the government to repair the streets that are historical and needs to be kept. This article shows the restoration of New York’s historical streets that are slowly disappearing, and why they play an essential role.
Tcholakian, Danielle. Are NYC’s Cobblestones on the Way Out for Good? Metro: April 14, 2013.
This source talks about the current ongoing project of cobblestones. The government is facing different issues from the project. There are debates on if the cobblestone roads are considered as a historic or protected landmark, and from this debate people are figuring out if the roads are too problematic and needs to be removed or if they need to be repaired and kept. This information is the proof of what is currently happening to the cobblestones and what needs to be done in the future to keep and repair them.
Jacobson, Aileen. “Chic Stores and Cobblestones.” New York Times, 1 May 2016, p. 15(L). Academic OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com.libproxy.newschool.edu/apps/doc/ A451056918/AONE?u=nysl_me_newsch&sid=AONE&xid=f8a7e9d7. Accessed 25 Feb. 2018.
This article gives a quick tour of the life in SoHo. It gives the approximate rent, places nearby, things to do, and even transportation. This short summary of living in SoHo mentions briefly of the cobblestone street. Even though it was only mentioned once, the appearance of it in a concise article like such portrays it’s importance even though people don’t give it much thought. This information reflects the importance of cobblestones in the Soho area.
Marcin, Natalie. “South Street Seaport.” Gifts & Decorative Accessories, July 1985, p. 120+. General OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com.libproxy.newschool.edu/apps/doc/A3842351/ ITOF?u=nysl_me_newsch&sid=ITOF&xid=46104dda. Accessed 28 Feb. 2018.
Descriptions of beautiful scenes of New York is portrayed in this article and what is mentioned along these description is the cobblestones. The cobblestone streets that are littered with sacks and barrels, and also the old cobblestone courtyard. This article shows how the cobblestone take a big role in the aesthetics and the historic perspective of parts of New York that is famous among people. They are there especially in places where visitors like to pass by and look into. This information helps showing how cobblestones play an essential role in the aesthetics of New York.
Metta Winter Special to The Christian,Science Monitor. “Building with Cobblestone: Masons Don’t Know how to do it Anymore.” The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current file), May 04, 1984, pp. 24, ProQuest, https://login.libproxy.newschool.edu/login?url=https:// search-proquest-com.libproxy.newschool.edu/docview/512505080?accountid=12261.
The whole process of putting in cobblestones into the New York Streets took 35 years, from 1825 to 1860. The people that worked on these streets kept the skills to themselves and it became a lost skill. Now, there aren’t anymore masons that know the true way to fix these cobblestones. Now, it’s very difficult to even repair the streets because there is no true craftsman that knows what to do to the cobblestones. This information supports why the government is having trouble repairing the cobblestones and why they are giving trouble to the people nowadays.
Garrison, J. Ritchie, and Olaf William Shelgren. “Winterthur Portfolio.” Winterthur Portfolio, vol. 14, no. 4, 1979, pp. 405–406. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1180641.
The origination of cobblestone is given as well as how and when it began to develop in New York. The cobblestones complement the historical and technical information on cobblestone masonry. These couple of pages is the brief summary of what information of cobblestones will be given throughout the coming chapters, like their geological origin and their masonry. This book will inform about the basic history of cobblestones and how they were used for certain purposes.
Peterich, Gerda. “Cobblestone Architecture of Upstate New York.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, vol. 15, no. 2, 1956, pp. 12–18. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/ stable/987808.
The use of cobblestone in architecture is shown through this reading, but much more information is shown along with that. How the stones were used in the architecture, the origin of the masonry and also the different patterns and techniques are shown. These different skills show how the architecture may have led to the different roads. Once more, the article provides a deeper history of the stones being used for a variety of purposes, and the technology that was needed for them.
“The Cobblestone Society: Studying a Special Aspect of Local History.” History News, vol. 21, no. 8, 1966, pp. 167–169. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/42644877.
This article focuses mainly on cobblestone architecture, but it shows how they were used in certain buildings and why. It helps in the understanding of how cobblestone usage was started. The cobblestone architecture reflects the society of the area and this information helps with knowing the deeper history of the different usage of stones other than roads.
NOBLE, ALLEN G. “ENVIRONMENTAL ELEMENTS AND MATERIAL CULTURE: Ridge Road in Western New York State.” Material Culture, vol. 34, no. 1, 2002, pp. 40– 51. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/29764146.
This article talks about the early environmental influence on location. It shows how the early roads that were simply patches of soil and dirt became stone roads, easier for people to walk on. It shows how in the beginning cobblestone roads were put in – helped by women and children to find the stones rather than cutting them. There also is mentioning of cobblestone architecture from back in the 1970s. This articles shows how cobblestone was first used for what type of purpose, even before New York’s streets were covered in them.
Zelinka, Al, and Wendy Beattie. “How to Turn Alleys into Allies.” Planning, vol. 69, no. 10, 2003, pp. 25-27, ProQuest, https://login.libproxy.newschool.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.libproxy.newschool.edu/docview/206718751?accountid=12261.
Recently, alleys have been transforming into safer and more pedestrian friendly places. This article portrays different alleys that are being transformed. On top of the different transformation, there are the key issues faced during the process of transformation and the approximate price that would take for this change. This article shows how the historical pavement decorated with cobblestones are faced with problems of urbanization and how they are being changed. It reflects a problem solving that could lead to the harm of a historic part of the city.