Final Project IS2 – Visual Culture LP Post

 


 

  • Explain exactly what you did on your Studio project since our last class. 

Last class, I turned in my final project prototype (as above)

In this prototype, I created a wallpaper, which indented to show the contrast between wealthy and poverty (higher class and lower class). The “pattern” of this wallpaper is filled with the sketched of the lower class living conditions. 


  • Was it successful or not? If you think it was successful, why was it? If it failed, explain why and what you are planning to do to either fix it or change it…

    During this weekend, I changed the direction of my prototype again after I did more research on how could I make the pattern of the wallpaper more aesthetic comfortable (because the patterns of the first prototype are squares, which looks really bad). Therefore, I started brainstorm on my sketchbook and trying to see what should I do to make my prototype more interesting. As you can see on the right side picture. After these few weeks, all the researches lead me to focus on the contrast between wealthy and poverty. I did lots of research on Victorian Era wallpapers and toiles, and I found out the pattern of toiles are pretty similar to traditional Chinese ink painting 

 

  • Toile
  •  Chinese Ink Painting

Therefore, I switched the culture history from Victorian Era to the Qing Dynasty in China. Before I create my final wallpaper, I had a close observation of the traditional western toiles. They are usually more than one layer. For instance, the blue toile above, there are 3 layers in the toile, buildings, plants and people. So I chose also use 3 layers for my wallpaper.  The background layer will be buildings, the second layer will be plants and detailed decorations and the top layer will be the main focus of audience, the people. There will be a contrast between wealthy class and poor class in each layers. 

 

Layer 1: Buildings

The upper buildings are the typical house for notable families, the lower building is for people who lives in poverty.

Layer 2: Decorations and Plants

The Chinese guardian lions on the left side are one of the most famous and typical decorations of wealthy families, they usually put two stone lions in front of their door to show their power and status. The pine trees are my favorite trees, in Chinese history, pine trees are also the favorite trees of poets.

Layer 3: People and Costume

The married couple on the top are the representative of wealthy family, you can tell by the traditional costumes. The pattern are fancy and complex. On the bottom of the project, the two men represent the lower class in Qing Dynasty.


  • Write an explanation of what you will complete for next class and write how long you think it will take you to do it. 
  1. In next class, I will talk to my teacher and classmates to get some critical advises and see which part should I fix. 
  2. I will think about should I put plenty of same piece of pattern together to make a wallpaper or each pieces are designed differently.
  3. Contact Mood Home or Wallpaper factory, to see how long it take to print a piece of wall paper.

 

 

Digging Deeper Into Your Taxonomy (bridge 3 part II)

  • What location did you visit for your visual research and what did you find?  
    • The location I picked was the streets near Washington Square.
  • How did the locations (museum/gallery/etc.) you visited expand/broaden/deepen your understanding of your topic? (this could be visual, contextual, historical, material based, etc.) 
    • I picked one of the six “historical case studies” presented in the Whitney exhibition An incomplete History of Protest, which is the Strike, Boycott, Advocate section. I found the artwork Black Mass by Annette Lemieux and few other artworks to explore my research of Lower Class. 
    • This artwork shows the darkness of politic and the madness of lower class.

The Newspaper repots directly shows the different diseases that workers get from different fields of work.


  • I chose this artwork because i think the texture of this art piece, which is old jean, could completely represent lower class people.

  • List the symbols, metaphors and visual references you put in your taxonomy and explain how/why they are relevant/important to your topic.  
    • The keywords that related to my topic are “Money”, “ladder”,”Abandoned”, “Unemployment”, “Pizza” and “Texture”. These words are important to my topic because when I walked on the streets, I saw some objects that I never would think about to represent lower class. These words could come out as a great mind map if I put them on the paper.
  • What did you learn from Monday’s critique about your taxonomy that was new or helpful?
    • After I talk to my instructor Bryan, I found out I probably should switch my focusing point more towards to Victorian Wallpaper instead of Unemployment because I could do more interesting researches on pattern and texture since I am a fashion student.

Final Project IS2 – Visual Culture

  • The topic you are researching in Seminar
      • What causes Urban Alienation in Tokyo? Is Urban Alienation good or bad for both city folks?
  • The specific message/content you are exploring in Studio
    • Victorian Era Wallpaper/ The contrast between low class and high class during Victorian Era
  • Explain exactly what you are making in Studio and the materials you are using. 
    • I am planning to make a wallpaper, which is the decoration only wealthy family can afford. The pattern of the wallpaper is going to be the narrative illustration of the living conditions of low class.
  • Explain why you think the materials you are using are effective at supporting your content.
    • I am going to contact a wallpaper factory to print a real piece of wallpaper. I think real wallpaper could more directly to show the contrast between the higher class and the lower class.
  • Explain the research you’ve done since our April 9 class and your research plans for the upcoming week. 
    • I did plenty of researches on Victorian wallpaper and the economic background during and after Victorian Era. In the up coming week, I will make connections with one of the wallpaper factory, design the wallpaper patterns.
  • Write an explanation of what you will complete for next class and write how long you think it will take you to do it. *The homework expectation is at least 6 hours per week for this class.  
    • I think it will take me sometime to design the pattern of the wallpaper, I will draw few different versions of the final design and ask the factory if they can print or not.

Taxonomy + Questions Based on Victorian Wallpaper

 


           My taxonomy is based on the theme of “Class”. Back to the years after the British Great Depression (1929-1932), millions of people lost their jobs, the rate of unemployment raised rapidly. Plenty of wealthy families faced financial problem, therefore, their living conditions declined directly. 


            Back to this project, I found some connections between the British Great Depression and the American Great Depression. There are some keywords like” Unemployment”, “Money”, “Lower Class”, “Worker Class”, “Living Conditions” and “Repetitive Pattern of Walls and Wallpapers”. I listed all the images of my taxonomy and tired to develop and explore a deeper research and understanding of my topic. But I got stuck in the direction of “Unemployment” and “Economy”. Therefore, I switched my research to another direction, which is Wallpaper. I chose to develop my topic by researching the wallpapers of Victorian Era, the era before British Great Depression. Basically, focusing on the repetitive pattern of Victorian Era


            I chose to develop my topic by researching the wallpapers of Victorian Era, the era before British Great Depression. Basically, I’m interested and focus on few research questions of the Victorian Era wallpapers.

  1. What was the living condition of lower class during the Victorian Era? And what were the main reasons that cause the lower class stay in poverty?
  2. What are the characteristics of Victorian Era wallpapers? Are they designed for wealthy group? and if it was, then why Victorian wallpaper were only designed for higher class?
  3. Could higher class and lower class be easily switch? In what way or when lower class people get chance to know wallpaper? 
  4. What if wallpaper is the necessity of lower class and what it will be look like? Is it different compare to higher class? What are the differences?
  5. In what case that wallpaper could be used in all class? Under what type of economic and government system? 
  6. Related the nowadays’ situation, what should the government do to reduce the economy inequality?
  7. What’s the real living conditions of people who live in poverty? What’s their perspective of Victorian wallpaper?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final Project Proposal IS2


Three main questions:

1: What was the living condition of lower class during the Victorian Era? And what were the main reasons that cause the lower class stay in poverty?

2: What are the characteristics of Victorian Era wallpapers? Are they designed for wealthy group? and if it was, then why Victorian wallpaper were only designed for higher class?

3: Could higher class and lower class be easily switch? In what way or when lower class people get chance to know wallpaper? 


  • External resources

Toiles:

  • Image result for toile
  • Sin in Linen

 

  • Related image
  • Magazines-24: Toile wallpaper, black toile wallpaper, blue toile wallpaper
  • Image result for toile
  • Toile Fabric French Farm Toile Fabric Tan Black Toile Dog Fiddle Vervain

  • Victorian Era Wallpaper:
  • Image result for victorian era wallpaperImage result for victorian era wallpaper green    Image result for victorian era wallpaper green

  • Cultural artifacts

In the early steps, I did more than 5 texture experiment, which intended to explore wallpaper in different materials. The material I used: black board, glue gun, black marker, ceramics,  cigarette ashes and Photoshop,

  • T Glue Gun “Wallpaper” texture: ( Toile Fabric French Farm Toile Fabric Tan Black Toile Dog Fiddle Vervain)

 

  • Wallpaper & Texture (Lower Class) :(ceramics,  cigarette ashes)

     

  • “Wallpaper” made by Photoshop

 

  • Hand Drew Repetitive Pattern: (Markers)

  • Website Involved:

  • http://www.bradbury.com/victorian/victorian.html
  • https://www.wallpaperstogo.com/s-690.aspx?searchEngineName=toile
  • https://www.thevictorianemporium.com/publications/history/article/history_of_wallcoverings
  • https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/victorian-wallpaper-got-its-gaudy-colors-poison-180962709/
  • https://www.hiddenlives.org.uk/articles/poverty.html

  • Plan to do/conduct

  • Wallpaper factory/ design store in NYC: (http://nymag.com/homedesign/listings/wallpaper/) 
  • 1: Calico Wallpaper
    • 275 Conover St., nr. Reed St., Ste. 3G; 347-294-0317; calicowallpaper.com          
    • With traditional paper-marbling techniques and handmade papers, Calico creates patterns evoking the intricate organic forms of sponges or ocean foam, and washes of color resembling a dawn sky. $$-$$$
  • 2: De Gournay
    • 243 E. 59th St., nr. Second Ave.; 212-564-9750; 
    • degournay.com
    • For the most discriminating New Yorkers, De Gournay is the go-to studio for hand-painted wallpapers and silk fabrics. It specializes in 18th-­century chinoiserie and 19th-century French designs, in addition to various Japanese, Korean, and French prints, such as its remarkable Papiers Peints Panoramiques. $$$$ (consulting services)

Deeper Development: final revision: bridge 1 – part II

 

 

This is my final piece for Bridge 1, instead of changing the collage, I chose to do a deeper research on the background of my inspirational photo A Northumbrian Miner at his Meal by BILL BRANDT (as follow).

 A Northumbrian Miner at his Meal

This photography was shot in 1937, few years after the British Great Depression ( 1929-1933). During the Great Depression, millions and millions people lost their jobs. During this same period, Brandt ventured to several industrial towns in northern England to witness the impact of the Depression. Besides the A Northumbrian Miner at his Meal, more of the photographs of Brandt were on the similar themes which are “Striking”, “Poverty”,”Unemployment” and “War”.

Snicket in Halifax (1937)

Liverpool Street Underground Station Shelter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bridge II – Final Reflection

In the last 5 diptychs, I mostly focused on the obvious elements that directly attached to the photography I found. So for the additional diptychs, I chose to focus more on the idea of “CONTRAST”. The contrast between dark and white, evil and angel.

   

I’m trying to restore the circumstances in the original photography. The black mask represents the man who still keeps his table manners (attitude of life) even though he reduced to a coal miner after British Great Depression. The white mask represent his wife who seems extremely tired but still support his husband.

I used acrylic (white and black) to painted two masks and used black and clear tapes taped the whole mask intending to make a texture.

 

I chose to use a traditional Chinese calligraphies, which called small seal script. The first letter is “逆“, which means disobey. Just like the coal miner, who still tries to be who he was. Compare to “逆“, ”从“ is more likely to describe his wife. Always support her husband, also accept the changes of life even though we can see so much tiredness from her eyes.

“逆“ in small seal script

The disobey from the man’s eyes.


I always obsessed with variety textures, therefore I chose to make a texture of wallpaper.

Material: Glue gun/ ink/ plastic sheets

#1 I inked one of the glue gun textile to black, to represent the whole family was destroyed by the great depression.


I did some researches of the Victorian pattern wallpaper, and finally found a pattern I like

 Making process: inked the glue gun pattern texture


  1. What is your topic and how has it evolved/changed after all the diptychs you’ve created? 

My topic was “Emotion” , but after I made all 5 diptychs. I found out my topic was actually more towards to “Class”. 


  1. What materials did you explore that were the most successful at supporting your topic? 

I think the most successful material are golden leaf and charcoal, because these two materials could represent the difference of wealthy and poverty.


  1. What materials did you explore that failed to support your topic or were not very good and supporting the content?

I think compare to other materials, my fabric diptych didn’t turned out really well, because I didn’t combine it with other materials.


Write a new paragraph explaining what different contexts (history, politics, fashion, art, economics, environment, etc.) your topic is apart of.

My topic attaches to history, politics and economics. In my original photography, after the British Great Depression, the wealthy man lost his job become a coal miner. This photography was shot in 1937, few years after the British great depression. People lost their jobs, the economy was destroyed by the great depression.

 

Bridge II- 5 diptychs

 5 diptychs

The object I choose is WALLPAPER. Wallpaper is one of the most typical object which can represent Victoria Era in British history. I made five diptychs for this project, all of them are somehow related to my original chosen photography, Victoria Era and the British history during the Great Depression

#1

Wallpaper: repetitive patters orderly printed on a piece of paper. Therefore, I chose to make a wallpaper, but instead of use simple patters, I used a quote from the British Great Depression, “I know 3 trades, I speak 3 languages, fought for 3 years, have 3 children and no work for 3 months, but I only want on job.” The reason I chose this quote is because of the unemployment caused from the Great Depression.

 .  

#2

For the second one, I used the golden leaf to show the economic conditions before and after the British Great Depression. The first one, I overlapped the golden leaf+ glitter to make a feeling of wealthy. On the opposite, I put a layer of gesso on the top of the golden leaf to make it “old”.

closer look

#3

The third diptych, I was trying to make two different dinner plate, one from the Victoria Era, another one from the Great depression. I bought a patter paper which similar to the pattern from Victoria era and glue it on my little ceramic plate. Intending to make the plate looks “old”, I stick cigarette ash on the plate.

closer look
closer look

 

#4

The forth diptychs, I was trying to make a comparison between wealthy and poverty. I tore the golden leaf and milled a box of charcoal, put them in two separate canvas box. In the end I use two clear plastic sheet to seal them up.

close look

 

#5

For the fifth diptych, I used fabric texture to represent the Before and After. I sewed the first piece of fabric crumpled and the second one smooth, trying to show the living condition changed from wealthy to poor.

close look

 

Sketches

   

 

Questions for diptychs #3 and #

#3

  • What conversation happened between each image in this diptych?

Victoria Era is one of the most famous era in British history before the Great Depression, I got inspired from the wallpapers in Victorian era. I’m trying to use these two plates to make a connection between this two special time periods. From the boom to the depression.


  • How was the medium selected successful at supporting the content of your object, form, or image? (if it was not as successful as others, why?)

 In the first piece, I found this Victorian style paper in Blick and use this pattern paper to represent the Victorian era. On the right side diptych, I stick smoke ashes to a vintage plate, which trying to represent the poverty of typical middle class family. In my mind, the color of ash is the best representative of poverty.


  • How did the materiality (medium used) affect the content or meaning of the individual artworks?

I think the material I chose was successful because the pattern of the paper and the ash could fully represent the time period I focused on. In any time period or any culture 


  • What did you learn about your content through this medium exploration?

I did a lot of researches on Victorian wallpapers, for instance, in 19th century, printed paper was used on the ceilings and fabric on chairs, which usually matched the color on the walls. The picture I showed above, these pretty greenish wallpapers could and did kill people.


  • What websites / books / museums / galleries / other artists did you research during this process for ideas and inspiration?

I found most of my information of Victorian wallpapers on a website called Bradbury& Bradbury Art Wallpapers, the Victorian Section. http://www.bradbury.com/victorian/victorian.html


Regarding the whole process:

  • How does this experiment shift your overall thesis question?

After these experiments, I shift my focus from the development of wallpaper to class and economic issues.


 

#2


  • What conversation happened between each image in this diptych?

I use this diptych to show the economy, living conditions and class changes after the British Great Depression. The shift from the old time (1) to the present (2). The conversation between wealthy and poverty.


  • How was the medium selected successful at supporting the content of your object, form, or image? (if it was not as successful as others, why?)

I used the golden leaf as the basic material, adding glitters and gesso to change the golden leaf to different color and texture. This texture it’s not my favorite because I only used 3 types of materials in this diptych. If I have time, I will add more textures and be more creative.


    • What websites / books / museums / galleries / other artists did you research during this process for ideas and inspiration?
      • I looked up some Youtube Videos about how to use gesso to make material looks “old”.

Close Reading

 

ISHIUCHI MIYAKO        


 

Write down all the words that are central to the article. Looking at the words, extract the main themes the article touches on.

  • time and history
  • World War II
  • complex histories
  • “underscoring the idea that the traces of time’s passage are her true subjects”
  • “how she has negotiated a field dominated by men”
  • sexual violence
  • independent “Dragon Lady”

What research questions do you think the author asked before beginning work on this article?

Who Ishiuchi Miyako is and what main social issue she focuses on and what she has been experienced as an female Japanese photographer?

What is the thesis of the article? (What is the main idea the author wants to convey? *It should hopefully be an answer to one of the questions above.

As an female photographer who experienced the World War II, most of Ishiuchi Miyako’s work were attached to feminism and freedom. Through the Yuri Mitsuda’s interview of her, the reader can know more about how the WWII and Japanese culture influenced Ishiuchi Miyako.

 Research the author/publication of the piece. What do you think is the agenda of the article? What does it want to reader to take away from the piece?

Author: Yuri Mitsuda

This is not exactly an article, but an interview. Compare to the typical articles, interview can give readers a clearer agenda. In this interview, Yuri Mitsuda asked these questions

  1. Were you ever excluded because you were a woman?
  2. Hyakka Ryoran was an all-woman show you planned for Shimizu Gallery, wasn’t it? So you had the sense that you needed to do things as just women, as women photographers.
  3. Do you mean how Hyakka Ryoran was thought of as unsuccessful?
  4. These past ten years you’ve exhibited more and more outside Japan. Do you think that’s expanded your view on things? Were there things you encountered that surprised you?

Yuri leads direction of the whole interview, first, they talk about what Ishiuchi Miyako and what she thinks about feminism. They also mentioned a lot of typical Japanese photographers at the same time. In the end, Ishiuchi Miyako talks about her view on things after she become famous. This interview wants the readers know more about Ishiuchi Miyako’s background, the stories of her photographies and her perspectives on feminism, and freedom of art and life.

Underline all the information that needed to be researched. Create a mind map of all the different sources the author used.

Define 5-10 unfamiliar words.

  1. Permeated
  2. Prestigious
  3. Underestimated
  4. Harassment
  5. Idiotic
  6. Pigheaded

An Interview with Ishiuchi Miyako